VKC Standard No......./E
PHU QUOC RIDGEBACK DOG
ORIGIN: Phu Quoc Island, S.R. of Vietnam.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: ...................................
UTILIZATION: hunting dog by scent and sight, companion dog.
Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
Section 8: Primitive type Hunting Dogs with a ridge on the back.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog is a type of primitive dog that was bred for a long time in Phu Quoc island, an island located in the Gulf of Siam, Kien Giang, S.R. of Vietnam. Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog is used to support for the human in hunting and guarding. Due to the isolation of the island to the mainland, this breed is not crossed with other breeds.
Some of Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog has been taken to Europe from the end of 1900s by the French. In which, these were two (02) individuals of Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog named Xoai (means Mango – a dog) and Chuoi (means Banana – a bitch) had prized in a dog show at Lille, France. They were born in 1892 and owned by Gaston Helouin, a French lived in Helfaut, Pas-de-Calais, Northern of France. Then, Xoai and Chuoi also joined in the Universal Dog show held in Anvers, Belgium from 14 to 16 July 1894.
Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog was one of 316 breeds standardized in the book “Dogs of all Nations: their varieties, characteristics, points, etc.” of Count Henry de Bylandt, issued in 1897 and to be described as the solely breed has the ridge on the back.
Beside that, there were three (03) individuals of Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog were bred in National museum of natural history in Paris and a French zoologist, Dr. J.F. Emile Oustalet, considered Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog as ancestor of Australian Dingoes.
In reservation for this breed, Vietnam Kennel Club (VKC) has restored the standard for this breed, based on the standard described by Count Henry de Bylandt.
Phu Quoc Ridgeback dog is medium sized dog with a square-built body. The body is well-built, clean, powerful and muscular with the ridge on the back. He has the overall structure of greyhound with heavier shapes in head and body.
BEHAVIOUR /TEMPERAMENT :
Alert and very active. Powerful, good speed and very endurance in hunting. He is very good in changing the speed and direction, especially during the movement in short and narrow spaces. He is not afraid of the height and could climbing, jumping or swiming very good.
Keen and friendly with the human, he is comfortable to become a hunting or companion dog.
- Length of body/height at the withers = 1 : 1
- Length of muzzle/length of head = 1 : 2.
HEAD: Medium long and narrow, balance with the body
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull: Almost flat when see from above, slightly arched in profile.
Forehead: The wrinkles appears when the dog is alert or attentive.
Stop: very slightly.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black.
Nasal bridge : Straight.
Muzzle : Straight and slightly rounded. Wedge shape and well developed at the root. Length of the muzzle equal to the skull length, from the occiput to the stop..
Lips : Black in all coat colors. Clean and well-fitting.
Tongue : Tongue has black pigmented spot. Dog with full-black tongue is preferred.
Jaws: Both of upper and under jaw are very strong and powerful. Jaw is moderately straight and long.
Teeth : Complete dentition. The teeth are relatively closed, strong and well-developed with the scissor bite.
Eyes : Of medium size, almond shaped. The eye color is dark-brown and should be as dark as possible. Eye-rims are black. Eyes are neither deep nor protruding or low-set.
Ears : Erected ears. Set on the sides of the skull and direct to the front. Ears are in medium sized, shellfish shaped, tips is not pointed and there is a little of inner hairs.
NECK : Long, lean and slightly arched to hold the head in high. Neck is well-developed to the shoulders, muscular but flexible. Clean throat line.
BARKING TONE: Piercing.
Back : Muscled and level.
Loin : moderately broad, well-developed and muscled.
Croup : Not too sloping.
Chest : Deep, reach to the elbow but not wide. The ribs are well-developed and spring, formed neither a barrel-ribs nor flat-ribs.
Belly : Well tucked-up.
TAIL : Continued extension of the spine. The base is thick and tapering toward the tip. Very active. Tail is short, arched like bow or sickle but not curled over or reach to the back. Tip of the tail is not reach to the hock.
Forearms: Straight and parallel when seen from the front or profile. When seen from front, the position of the front legs is moderated close together . Elbows are well attached to the body, neither turn in nor out.
Shoulders: Muscle and well laid back.
Pastern: Straight when seen from front and very slightly oblique to the ground when seen from profile.
Front feets: oval shaped, longish with the thick, hard and black pads. Toes is strong, closed and arched. Nails are black.
Upper and lower thigh: Strong, well developed and muscle.
Stifle : Strong and moderately bent.
Hocks: Straight and parallel when seen from behind.
Hind feet: Oval shaped, longish with the thick, hard and black pads. Toes is strong, closed and arched. Nails are black. Dewclaws should be removed if the laws are not prohibited.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
In overall, the movement shows a well-balanced and harmonious, free, flowing and stable. At the medium speed, the forelegs and rearlegs are moving in the parallel straight lines and in lines with the body, neither turn in nor turn out. Therefore, the shoulders, upperarms, elbows, forearms and pasterns move in the straightlines when seen from front. And the same for the upper and lower thighs, stifles, hocks and rear-pasterns when seen from behind.
The strides are long, free, tireless and powerful, and head naturally high during the movment.
Fairly fine and tightened to the body. Clean throat line, without the dewlap..
Hard, dense, and short with hairs length not exceed 02 centimes. The velvet coat is not accepted.
Ridge is formed by the hair growing in the opposite direction to the rest of the coat in the back of the dog. Colour of the hair on the ridge normally darker than the rest that highly remarks the ridge on the back.
Form of the ridge is variance, but should be symmetrically through the spine. The ridge has the width not exceed the width of the back and the length at least a half of the back.
The symmetric crowns normally located on the top of the ridge. Other crowns on the ridge are accepted if they are symmetric through the spine.
Solid colors as:
- Yellow, from red, reddish yellow or light yellow. The black mask in this colour is preferred but interspersed black hairs or hair with black tips is also permissible but not desirable.
- Brindle: black strips in basic color of yellow as described above.
Ideal height : Dog: 55 cm at withers
Bitch: slightly less
Ideal weight : Dog: 18 – 20 kg
Bitch: slightly less
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Without the ridge on the back.
- Dog have Dermoid Sinus Cyst problem.
- Lack of PM 1-2-3.
- Lack of pigment in nose and lips
- Eyes : lack of pigments in eye rims. Showing haw. Light colours of bi-eyes.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.